Historical Martial Arts

The oldest art works depicting battle scenes are the cave paintings in Spain dated between 10,000 and 6,000 BC, which show organized groups fighting with bows and arrows.
Chinese martial arts were born from the Xia dynasty more than 4,000 years ago. It is said that the Yellow Emperor Huangdi (legendary date of the ascension 2698 BC) introduced the oldest fighting systems in China. The Yellow Emperor is described as a famous general who, before becoming the leader of China, wrote lengthy treatises on medicine, astrology and martial arts. One of his main opponents was Chi You who was credited as the creator of jiao di, a forerunner of the modern art of Chinese Struggle.
The modern Asian martial arts foundation is probably a mix of early martial arts from China and India. During the period of the Warring States of Chinese history (480-221 BC), the development of philosophy and war strategy emerged, as described by Sun Tzu in The Art of War (about 350 BC The legends connect the Shaolinquan origin to the propagation of Buddhism of India in the 5th century AD, with the figure of Bodhidharma in China., Martial arts accreditation in South India can be traced to Sangam literature of the century II BC until the second century AD The fighting techniques of the Sangam period were the earliest forerunners of Kalaripayattu.
In Europe, the main sources of martial arts traditions go back to ancient Greece. Boxing (pygmies, pyx), wrestling (pale) and pancracio were represented at the ancient Olympics. The Romans produced the gladiatorial combat as a public spectacle.
A series of historical combat manuals have survived since the European Middle Ages. This includes styles such as sword and shield, two-handed sword fencing and other types of melee weapons, plus unarmed combat. Among them are the transcriptions of Johannes Lichtenauer’s (possibly apocryphal) mnemonic poem on the long pin of the late fourteenth century. Similarly, Asian martial arts become well documented during the medieval period, Japanese martial arts beginning with the establishment of the samurai nobility in the 12th century, Chinese martial arts with the treatises of the Ming era, such as Ji Xiao Shu Xin Indian martial arts in medieval texts such as Agni Purana and Purana Mash, and the Korean martial arts of the Joseon era and texts such as Muyejebo (1598).
The European sword has always been a sporting component, but dueling was always a possibility until World War I. The fenced modern sport began to grow during the 19th century that French and Italian military academies began codifying the statement. The Olympic Games have resulted in standard international standards, with the International Fencing Federation founded in 1913. Modern boxing originates Jack Broughton’s rules in the 18th century and reached its present form with the Marquis of Queensberry Rules 1867.

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